Meshing is a tedious, time-consuming, and sometimes mind-numbing process. It also is an essential and necessary component in the production of accurate computational fluid dynamics (CFD) solutions. Automating this process has been a decades-long goal with significant challenges: General automated meshers must sacrifice the quality of the mesh and, while they can produce high-quality meshes, specialized automatic meshers can only be used on a very narrow class of problems.
Now, the latest version of Pointwise software and a collection of Glyph scripts is making it possible for users to automatically generate high-quality meshes for any geometry. The solution substantially reduces both the meshing time and the time required for manual input.
Watching a three-toed sloth doing the back stroke through a lake of molasses is kind of like meshing . . . It seems to take forever.
“For a typical aircraft geometry, meshing times can be reduced from 10 to 15 hours to one or two, while time spent on manual input drops from 11 to 12 hours to a few minutes,” says Dr. Rick Matus, Pointwise executive vice president. “This frees users up from repetitive and tedious tasks, allowing them to focus more on mission-critical work.”
Several Pointwise users have been generating meshes automatically with Pointwise and a Glyph script package named GeomToMesh. The geometry is created using Engineering Sketch Pad (ESP), developed by Bob Haimes at MIT and Dr. John Dannenhoffer at Syracuse University. Working with ESP on a sub-contract for the U.S. Air Force, Pointwise created the Glyph scripts to enabled automatic unstructured mesh generation from water-tight geometry.
“Basically, ESP provided the geometry and information about the desired mesh properties for different parts of the geometry via attribution,” says Dr. Steve Karman, Pointwise staff specialist, who worked on the project. “The Pointwise software then used that information to generate the mesh.”
The scripts can automatically create a volume mesh for geometry input in one of four formats: IGES (Initial Graphics Exchange Specification), STEP (Standard for the Exchange of Product Data), EGADS (Electronic Geometry Aircraft Design System), or NMB (Non-Manifold Boundary Representation).
If the geometry is fully closed and water-tight, then a volume mesh is constructed. If the geometry is not closed, then just the surfaces are meshed, but that also saves the user a great deal of time according to Dr. Karman. If the geometry is in EGADS or NMB formats, then the meshing process in Pointwise is guided by the attributed information to construct a mesh more aligned with the user’s intent.
“The meshes generated by U.S. Air Force personnel are proprietary,” says Karman. “But we did create some hypothetical cases that were shared at a workshop before the AIAA Science and Technology Forum and Exposition 2019.”
Another advantage that automation has over manual input, according to Dr. Karman, is that best practices can be applied consistently throughout the meshing process, which helps ensure a high-quality mesh.
“Good geometry is the key here” he says. “If you start at the beginning and get it all set up in terms of attributes on the geometry for meshing, downstream flow solver, adaptation and design then that information can be available every step of the way. If the whole CFD process is geometry-centric, it will work like magic.”
Dr. Karman adds that this is just the beginning for automated meshing. Work in the near future will include more testing and documentation, and his team expects the capability to evolve as necessary to support things such as high order mesh curving, solution-based adaptation and design.
Take a deeper dive into the technical aspects of automatically generating high-quality meshes by accessing the video of the presentation that Steve Karman gave on this subject:
This project was commissioned by the U.S. Air Force under a subcontract from Bob Haimes, the principal investigator of the AFRL CAPS program, in order to allow Pointwise to automatically generate meshes for geometries created in ESP."
Meshing is a tedious, time-consuming, and sometimes mind-numbing process. However, it is a critical, necessary component of accurate CFD solutions. Automating this process has long been a goal with significant challenges: general automated meshers sacrifice quality, and while they can produce high-quality meshes, specialized automatic meshers can only be used on a very narrow class of problems.
Integrating custom Glyph scripts enables Pointwise to automatically generate high-quality meshes for any Engineering Sketch Pad (ESP) created geometry.
For a typical aircraft geometry, Glyph scripts integrated with the latest version of Pointwise can reduce meshing time from up to 15 hours to one or two, and time spent on manual input from 12 hours to a few minutes. Automation also ensures a more consistent application of best practices for higher quality results.