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Pointwise's Unstructured and Hybrid Meshing

Hybrid Meshing with T-Rex

Layers of hex cells in the boundary layer of this hybrid mesh provide improved accuracy in the CFD.
hex cells in the boundary layer

Pointwise's T-Rex (anisotropic tetrahedral extrusion) is an advancing layer technique for extruding regular layers of high-quality (right angle included) tetrahedra from boundaries. The algorithm adjusts to convex and concave regions and colliding extrusion fronts.

A postprocessing step combines tets in the near-wall and near-wake regions into either prisms or hexes. The resulting mesh has a lower cell count than the raw tet mesh which impoves computational efficiency. But this cell combination also creates higher quality cells in the regions where accuracy is most important.

Baffles, thin surfaces defined on a grid's interior, can be used to model thin surfaces and control mesh clustering away from boundaries. Optionally, you can extrude T-Rex layers off a baffle to resolve internal features such as wakes.

Classic Hybrid Meshing via Extrusion

Prism layers can also be generated via traditional extrusion methods that start with an unstructured surface mesh of triangles and follow normal, linear, rotational, or user-defined paths. Tunable controls let you adjust step size, mesh quality, and smoothing of the extruded layers.

Mixed Hex-Tet Meshes

Hexahedral and tetrahedral meshes can be interfaced in several ways to form a hybrid grid. Structured hexahedral and unstructured tetrahedral blocks can be indirectly interfaced by a point to point conformal interface with hanging edges. Direct hex-tet interfaces are created through automatically generated pyramid cells.

Extruded prism blocks interface with tetrahedral blocks either directly (on the triangle faces) or through automatically generated pyramids (on the quadrilateral faces).

Hybrid meshes can feature hex, tet, prism and pyramid cells on a region-by-region basis.
hybrid mesh for an artificial heart

Tet Meshing by Modified Delaunay

Unstructured grids consisting of triangles and tetrahedra are generated by a modified Delaunay method. Like structured grids, unstructured surface grids can span multiple entities in the geometry model and adhere to the CAD model automatically. The unstructured solver may be re-applied at any time, giving you control over minimum and maximum cell size, maximum cell-to-cell turning angle, maximum surface deviation, and boundary decay.

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